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Discussion on { Luke 16 : 20 - 31 }

In the gospel of Luke Jesus tells a story about a rich man & a poor man. Jesus only spoke to the people in parables { Matt 13: 34 } and in this story Jesus tells us how both men die and the poor man ends up in Abrahams bosom { place of the righteous } and the rich man ends up in Hades { hell }. In the story the rich man pleads with Abraham to send some one back from the dead to warn his family lest they end up in Hell. Abraham tells the rich man that they have Moses & the prophets let them hear them and that even if some one was to come back from the dead they still wouldn't believe.

The key to this parable is that people still won't believe even if some one was to come back from the dead & preach to them. This is exactly true as Jesus experienced this himself when he came back from the dead people still today don't believe. I also have experienced this as I have shared my testimony around the world.

Some people believe that this story is an actual event as the name Lazarus was used ... they believe that Abrahams bosom is heaven ? but it is clearly not { Abraham's bosom was a place where men's souls were held if they were deemed righteous under the Law of Moses .. those found guilty under the law of Moses when they died their souls were held in Sheol / Hades { Hell }. 

When Jesus died on the cross he descended { Eph 4: 8 - 10 } into Hades and preached to the righteous people who where held in " Abrahams bosom " { 1 Peter 3: 18 - 19 } and Jesus brought them out of the grave and the tombs in Jerusalem broke open and the saints of old were seen walking the streets { Matt 27 : 52 - 53 }. Jesus ascended into Heaven and lead a host of captives { Eph 4: 8 }. There is a cloud of witnesses who are in heaven now { Heb 12: 1 } absent from the body present with the Lord { 2 Cor 5 : 6 }. So Abrahams bosom the Place of the Righteous no longer exisit's after the Cross. It is empty just like Jesus tomb there is no one there any longer. 

For if this story was a real/literal one as some believe and that Abrahams Bosom is heaven then it seems very strange to me that people in Hades / Hell can talk to people in Heaven and that they can see each other and watch the torment. {i.e. Abrham & the rich man talking } If this was so then this would actually be hell as how could you as a Christian be able to see your lost friends and neighbors being tormented. And so it can't be a literal heaven / or a place of the righteous because the bible tells us in { Rev 21 : 4 }  that there is no mourning , or crying or pain in Heaven. So in this story Abraham is seeing another person being tormented in fire & can talk to him. If you know the Lord and could see & hear your neighbour suffering like this ... it could not be heaven / paradise. That is why it must be a parable. 

Many folks sadly think this place of the righteous/ Abraham's Bosom still exists and many have called it perguratory. They believe this is where you could end up when you die & call is a 3rd place other than Heaven & Hell. They believe people can pray you out of this place and they there fore teach people to pray for the dead souls. The bible teaches us it is appointed for man to die then comes judgement { Heb 9 : 27 } . And that you are not to pray for the dead. So  when a person dies the bible teaches us that if they know the Lord Jesus Christ as their Lord & Saviour they go to be with the Lord. If they don't know the Lord then they would end up in Hades/ Hell.

Many theologians use this parable to say that because Abraham said there is a great chasm set between Abrahams Bosom and Hades and that no one can pass over. They use this part of the parable to try and nullify my testimony as biblically unsound .. saying I could not have died and gone to Hades / Hell and then into Heaven based on this scripture. Sadly they fail to see that that this story is a parable. It is not literal for as I have explained above then you would have to take the whole story as literal & if you were to do that it would conflict with other scriptures in the bible. { Matt 13 : 34 } Jesus only spoke to the people in parables.

Of course Jesus himself went from the cross to hell { Hades } and from hell to heaven. So He crossed over this so called chasm himself. Going firstly to hell { Hades } then into Heaven. Now Abrahams Bosom doesnt exisit as Jesus has taken the righteous out in the first resurrection { Eph 4: 8 - 11 } ... So when a believer dies he goes to be with the Lord in Heaven and when a sinner dies he goes to Hades to be held there until the day of Judgement .. there is no intermediate place. 

The scriptures tell us that Jesus himself spent 3 days & 3 nights into Hades { Matt 12: 40 } and He now has the keys of Death & Hades { Rev 1 : 18 }

{ Ecc 12: 6 - 7 } The scriptures tell us that when I man dies the spirit will return to God who gave it. And the body will return to dust. So NO PHYSICAL body goes to Hades or the Kingdom of Heaven. Only your spirit body. So this is another good reason why this story is a parable. As we hear in the story the rich man asking Abraham to send Lazarus to dip his finger in some water & put it on his tongue as he is in agony in this flame { Luke 16 : 24 - 26 }  .... This is not possible if you have no physical body. And we know that the bible teaches us that no one has gone into the fire until the day of Judgment . This only happens at the 2nd coming of Jesus & that has yet to happen { Rev 20 : 10 & 14 - 15 }  Jesus has not yet returned to judge the world. So men's souls are held in darkness until the day of Judgment { Jude 1 : 5 - 13 }

This teaching of us having no physical body at death is reinforced in { 1 Cor 15: 50 } " Now I say this, brethren, that flesh & blood cannot inherit the kingdom of God, nor does the perishable inherit the imperishable. " Your physical body does not go with you to heaven only your spiritual body  ... and there we will receive a new heavenly body in eternity  { 1 Cor 15: 40 }

The next issue is how could I have walked through Hades / Hell  when I died . The famous Psalm 23 tells how. The Lord is my Shepherd { I made Jesus Lord & Shepherd of my soul just before I died when I prayed the Lords prayer }. I shall not want. Even though I walk through the valley of the Shadow of Death { mean's Valley of Deep Darkness } I shall fear no evil for thou art with me. { Roms 8 : 35 - 39 } What can separate us from Gods love in Christ Jesus. Nothing can ... not life or death ... principality or power ... not even lucifier can separate me from Gods Love. (  Psalm 139: 8  }  Even if I was to descend onto Sheol / Hell God is there. Praise God I had given my soul to the Lord Jesus Christ in a death bed prayer in the ambulance. Jesus had heard my prayer { Romans 10 : 8 - 13 } and forgiven me my sins { 1 John 1 : 7 - 9 } and then light shone in the darkness and Jesus delivered me out of the darkness into His Glorious light { Col 1 : 13 - 14 }. Where could I go from His presence { Ps 139 : 7 - 8 } even if I went into Sheol / Hell he is still there. Nothing can separate me from the Lord's Love { Roms 8 : 35 - 39 } neither life nor death , principality or power.

I personally thank the Lord that He showed me Hell & Heaven. It helped clarify what the darkness was { Job 38: 17 } & { Acts 26 : 18 } . And I don't believe that when I die again that the Lord will take me through the darkness { Hell } but I will go straight into the light. I am also not trying to teach that when Christian die that they are all going to go through this darkness. God choose to show it to me & I am very thankful that He did as I should have stayed there had I not repented in the ambulance.{ Rom 10 : 8 - 13 } . Praise God nothing can separate us from Gods Love in Christ Jesus. 

He is risen from the dead and I feel over whelmed that I was able to see Jesus alive in His Glorified Risen form { Rev 1 : 13 - 18 } but if all I had was a vision of Jesus and I wasn't dead then I can't wait for the real thing .. God knows { 2 Cor 12 : 1 - 4 }

Scars : Some folks have been asking whether I still have scars on my forearm. I did for a number of years but after 30 years they have faded and I only have faint scaring. It was like I have been whipped across the arm when it first happened and looked terrible. I prayed that the Lord would take them away and daily applied Vit E cream and put fresh Aloe Vera plants cut open for their juices over the scars ... this really seemed to help take most of the scar tissue away. I also had put vasaline cream on my exposed arms & face before I dived at night to help prevent sea lice bits. So that may have helped me also as the tenticles would have had great differculty sticking to my arm and would have provided a barrier of protection. In hind site I wish I had taken some photos of the marks on my arm but it was the last thing I was thinking of in those years. I was more concerned to know the bible & get to know the Lord in a very personal way. I ahve just returned from 2 weeks of meetings in Mauritius & there meet other fishermen who had been stung by these box jellyfish & their scars had also faded & gone.

Witnesses: My wife & I went back to Mauritius in 1993 and it was amazing to meet up with Daniel & Simon in Tamarin Bay as it had been 12 years since I have been back to Mauritius. Daniel & Simon immediately recognised me & began to explain to my wife what had happened that night. It was incredible for my wife to hear this as I was single at the time of the accident & so it really was just my word that this event had happened. So for her to hear it directly from these fishermen without any prompting was great. Simon apologised for not coming in the boat to shore to help me get to the hospital. I explained it was fine as it allowed the Lord to deal with my heart of unforgiveness which was key in the Lord's prayer that I prayed in the ambulance. Daniel showed my wife where he carried me into the Hotel and we were able to get photos of both these men. Sadly I have heard from Mauritius that Daniel is no longer with us but died of throat cancer a few years ago. Click below for web interviews with the Mauritian divers & local people who know about the Box Jellyfish.

Stories About The Box Jellyfish

Stories About The Box Jellyfish

"Ian recently traveled to Mauritius to find out information on the jellyfish { Invisible } he was killed by." Interviews from people who live in Mauritius.



Ian McCormack's Testimony

Ian McCormack's Testimony

"Ian speaks to the divers and fisherman on the island of Mauritius, and tells of his testimony."


Differences : Some folks have seen that when I share my testimony that I leave things out in one meeting & include other things in another. This is generally because of time and the Lord tends to highlight certain aspects of the experience. So the testimony is slightly different each time you hear it. I have also allowed any one to copy my testimony and so there are some things that have been wrong. One of them is in the reenactment where they have the actor wearing a wet suit through out the filming. The actual fact was it was restricting my breathing in the boat as the boy was taking me to shore & Simon had told me to urinate in my arm. So I had taken it off & got changed into my Balinese pants & a long tee shirt. Sadly the young boy then once he got me to shore ran back to the boat to get the other divers. He could see that I was dying in front of him & he had left his older brother out on the reef with Simon & he was affraid they would be killed also. He did not realise that they had full wet suits on & were fine. And my French was not good enough to explain to him about the wet suits. In the reenactment the diver who plays me supposedly puts his arm back into the water  & get stung again. This did not happen, I was stung by the 5th jellyfish when they dragged me into the boat out on the reef not after I was placed in the boat. 

Unable to touch your body : When I was in Hades I couldn't touch my body my hand went straight through it. The scriptures clearly teach us when a man dies he leaves his body & his spirit returns to God { Ecc 12: 6 - 7 }. We also find that in { 1 Cor 15 : 50 } flesh & blood will not inherit the kingdom of God. If you talk to people that have lost limbs here on earth they will tell you that they can feel that limb although the physical limb is missing. What are they feeling ? I believe this spirit body which is more real than their natural body. When I died my spirit which is transparent left my body & the Lord took me throught the gates of death / deep darkness { Job 38: 17 } { Ps 23 } { Ps 88: 6 }.  I was then taken up into the light of God Presence { Col 1 : 13 } { Job 38 : 19 } { Ps 86 : 13 }. The bible teaches us that we will then recieve a Heavenly body in Eternity { 1 Cor 15: 40, 49 & 52 }. I saw my spiritual body as I was traveling into the tunnel of light ... my spiritual body was transparent & full of light { John 12 : 36 } sons of light. God is the Father of light { James 1: 17 }

Hosptial : My wife went back to the Victoria Hospital to get my records in Feb, 1994 & we spent a day there being given the run around. Sadly we had my hospital records in our hands but when we asked for them the Director sold us they were hospital property & he wouldn't give them to us. We asked for a photocopy of them & he said that the photocopier was broken. We saw a photocopy place out the window & asked if we could take them there to get a copy & bring them straight back but again the answer was no. We then had to wait hours to get him to at least write up a report that I was in the hospital that night. Eventually he gave me a report but would not write down that I had died & come back to life. It was very hard to leave the hospital with out my records & the evidence that I had died there & come back to life. My wife consoled me that Jesus also did not have these records { Matt 28: 11 - 15 } We also tried to see the doctors who treated me but each time the Director brought a doctor to me it wasn't the person & when you talked to them they knew nothing of the event. We sadly caught this man lying to us on 3 - 4 occasions & in the end I actually asked if other people had been killed by these jellyfish ? And one of the doctors who came into the office said " Yes many tourists had died over the years " & was asking me why I was diving that night. It may seem improbable to the western mind that a doctor would intentionally lie to a person. But sadly in talking to many Mauritians it seems as though this may happen to try and protect their tourist industry which is the life blood of their economy.  So I have had great difficulty finding any information on the web about dangerous jellyfish in Mauritius.


Jane McCormack

Ian's wife Jane talks about her time in Mauritius. Lee Moy from Tamarin Bay shares how she knew Simon who told her that the doctors tore up Ian's death certificate when he came back to like in the hospital.


What does the term "born-again" mean?

In the teachings of Jesus he said { in John 3 : 3 } that unless you are born again you shall not enter the Kingdom of Heaven. Which means we have a rebirth in our spirit & that our heart opens up to Jesus and we ask Him to be Lord of our lives. { Rev 1 : 20, 1 John 5 : 10 – 13 }. Peter also taught { in 1 Peter 1 : 3 – 4 } that we are born again through the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead. Paul taught { in Romans 10 : 8 – 13 } that if we believe in our hearts that God raised Jesus from the dead and confess with our mouths that Jesus Christ is Lord of our lives we shall be saved from all our sins. John taught { in 1 John 1 : 5 – 10 } that God is light and if we are to have fellowship with God we must be cleansed of darkness in our lives. And that if we confess our sins to Jesus his son God will forgive us of all our sins and the Blood of Jesus will cleanse us of all sin & unrighteousness.

Many people believe that if I am a good person and follow the 10 commandments then God will let me into heaven because I am a good person and have done nothing wrong. But the bible teaches that there is none righteous, all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God { Romans 3 : 10, 19 – 23 }, and that none have fulfilled the Law of Moses { the 10 commandments } – only Jesus has. And so we can only get to heaven by the new covenant in Jesus' sacrifice { Romans 5 : 8 – 10 }. For Jesus is the end of the Law of Moses for all those who believe by faith { Romans 10: 1 – 13 }.

Why was the Lord 's Prayer so important for you to pray in the ambulance?

The Lord's prayer which Jesus taught all mankind to pray was so very important because in it there is repentance for your sins, forgiveness towards others who have sinned against you and Lordship to Jesus where you pray to do His will in your life and follow Him. So, when I prayed the Lord's Prayer from my heart for the first time in my life in that ambulance, I was actually repenting of my sins and receiving Jesus into my life as Lord and Saviour. Had I not forgiven others that had sinned against me my sins would not have been forgiven { Matt 7 : 13 – 14 }. Jesus clearly taught that your sins would not be forgiven unless you forgave others.. And on the cross in his dying words Jesus forgave those who crucified him { Luke 23 : 34 }. Unforgiveness and bitterness is a terrible sin in the sight of God.

I had prayed the Lord's Prayer many times before this night but it had only been from my mind like a parrot in meaningless repetition. But this was the first time I had prayed it from my heart and given my life to Jesus Christ. Whoever believes that Jesus is the Messiah / Christ is born of God; and whoever loves the Father loves the Child born of Him { 1 John 5 : 1 }. As many as received Jesus, to them He gave the right to become children of God, even to those who believe upon His name, born again not of the will of man but of the will of God { John 1 : 12 }.

What was the "darkness" you went to when you left your body and were pronounced clinically dead?

The darkness is referred to in the bible as Hades { Hell }. The Greeks understood this word to mean the place of darkness as many Greeks had worshipped the Greek God of Hades for many years. In the bible it is mentioned and described in many passages of scripture.

In { Acts 26 : 18 }, Paul tells us that there is a Kingdom of Darkness ruled by Satan and a Kingdom of Light ruled by Jesus.

In the gospel of Jude we see { in Jude 1: 6 } that angels who did not keep their own domain, but abandoned their proper place, have been kept by God in eternal bonds under darkness for the judgment of the great day. He then goes on to say that this is just like Sodom and Gomorrah, and men who have indulged in the same gross immorality. In { Jude 1 : 12 – 13 } he says "likewise men who are hidden reefs in your love feasts when they feast upon you, without fear, caring only for themselves, doubly dead, uprooted, wild waves, casting their shame like foam, for whom the black darkness has been reserved."

In the old testament { Job 38: 16 – 24 } God speaks to Job and asks him if he has walked in the recesses if the deep and then asks him if the gates of Death have been revealed to him and then goes on to tell him that the gates are deep darkness. He then goes on to ask Job if he has known the way to the dwelling of light and if he has seen where light and darkness are divided?

Jesus spoke of His own death and said { in Matt 12 : 40 } "As Jonah spent three days and nights in the belly of the whale so the son of man shall spend 3 days and nights in the belly of the earth". The belly of a whale is dark and { in Jonah 2: 1 – 2 } Jonah cries out to the Lord from the belly of the whale and calls it Sheol which is the Hebrew word for the place of the dead. Jesus related his own death to be like Jonah's and likens Hell to a place of darkness.

In { Col 1 : 13 } Paul tells us that God has delivered us from the domain of darkness and transferred us into the Kingdom of His beloved Son Jesus Christ which we know is a Kingdom of Light.

Peter { in 2 Peter 2 : 4 } uses a word in the Greek called "Tartaros" { deepest abyss of Hades, deep darkness } the Greeks knew this place to be the place below Hades which was a place of terrible darkness. Peter goes on in this passage of scripture { 2 Peter 2 : 5 – 17 } to talk about men who indulged in the flesh, corrupt desires, self willed, reviling angelic beings, unreasoning animals, who count it a pleasure to revel in the daytime, reveling in their deceptions, eyes full of adultery, enticing unstable souls, hearts trained in greed, springs without water, mists driven by a storm, for whom the black darkness has been reserved.

The Bible then talks about a day of Judgment when Death & Hades { Hell / darkness } will be thrown into the lake of fire which is called the Second Death { Rev 20 : 12 – 15 }. This takes place when the Lord Jesus Christ returns to the earth { Rev 19: 11 – 21 }. So currently no one has been cast into the lake of fire because the Lord Jesus Christ has not returned.

Why did you go to darkness?

The Lord took me into that darkness to show me where I should have gone had I not prayed in the ambulance and given my life to Jesus. See Psalm 23 "The Lord is my shepherd, I shall not want, He restores my soul, Even though I walk through the valley of the shadow of Death { Valley of Deep Darkness } I shall fear no evil, for thou art with me." Just before I died I received Jesus Christ into my heart as my personal Lord & Savior, Shepherd of my soul, and he lead me through the Valley of the Shadow of Death and deep darkness and I was surrounded by evil. But the evil could not touch me because "greater is the Lord within me than he who is within the world" { 1 John 4 : 4 }, and "nothing can separate me from the Love of God in Jesus Christ, neither life nor death, angels, demons, powers, heights or depths, nothing can separate me from the Lord." { Romans 8 : 38 – 39 }

{ Luke 1 : 78 - 79 } says "Because of the tender mercies of God, light from on high shall shine upon those who sit in darkness in the shadow of death and guide our feet into the way of peace."

{ John 1 : 5 } says "Light shines in the darkness and the darkness has never been able to overpower it."

{ Col 1: 13 } says " For He delivered us from the domain of darkness and has transferred us to the kingdom of His beloved Son "

Why is Fire mentioned so many times in the bible ?

God is the source of Fire. When you do a word study on "fire" you are amazed that fire has to do with God, not Satan. So, for example...

Moses hears God from the "bush of fire" { Exodus 3: 1 - 5 }
God leads the children of Israel by a "pillar of fire" by night { Exodus 13: 21 - 22 }
Moses receives the 10 commandments on a "mountain of fire" { Exodus 24 : 15 - 17 & Deuteronomy 4: 10 - 19 }
Elijah calls "fire from heaven" { 1 Kings 18: 24, 37 - 40 }
Satan's prophets could not call any fire down but Elijah calls upon the Lord and fire come down from Heaven { 1 Kings 18: 25 - 29 }
God is an "all consuming fire" { Deut 4: 24 & Isaiah 29: 6, Isaiah 30: 27, 33, Isaiah 66: 15 - 16 } God's tongue is like a consuming fire. The breath of the Lord , like a torrent of brimstone, sets it on fire { Isaiah 30 : 27 - 33 }. Elijah was taken up into Heaven a whirlwind and "chariots of fire & horses of fire separated Elijah & Elisha " { 2 Kings 2 : 11 - 12 } God judges Sodom and Gomorrah with fire & brimstone from Heaven { Gen 19 : 24 } Stones of fire are around the throne of God { Ezk 28: 16 }
God's word is like fire { Jer 23: 29 }
Daniel saw God's throne on fire { Dan 7 : 9 }
There was a river of fire coming out from the throne of God { Dan 7 : 10 }
Three young Jewish boys were cast into a furnace and were not burnt { Daniel 3 : 11 - 30 }
and Jesus walked into that furnace { Dan 3: 25 }
There is a refiner's fire { Malachi 3: 2 }

In the New Testament...

We will be baptised in the Holy Spirit and fire { Matt 3 : 11 }
On the day of Pentecost tongues of fire appeared above the disciples heads { Acts 2 : 1 - 4 }
He makes His ministers a flame of fire { Heb 1: 7 }
Jesus' eyes are a flame of fire. Our eyes are the windows of our souls .. so Jesus soul must be on fire { Rev 21: 14 - 15 } { Matt 6: 22 }
God has has prepared a lake of fire not satan. It is God's domain satan is terrified of the fire as he will be tormented by it day in night { Rev 20 : 10; 14 - 15 & 21 : 8 }
And Death & Hades will go into a Lake of Fire { Rev 20 : 11 - 21 }.

Satan hates fire... He once walked before God around the throne which had stones of fire but he has been cast out of throne room { Ezek 28 : 14 }... And Satan will one day go into the lake of fire { Rev 20: 10 }.. And be tormented for ever. Fire is God's domain, not Satan's. Satan's domain is one of darkness. He is a liar { John 8 : 44 }

{ Rev 14 : 9 - 11 } Any one who worships the beast & recieve the mark on his forehead or upon his hand, he shall drink of the wrath of God, and he will be tormented with fire & brimstone in the presence of the holy angels and the Presence of the Lamb. And the smoke of their torment goes up forever & ever.

What does the word "Hell" mean?

When you see the word Hell in English translations, it can be a rendering of any one of three Greek words - Hades, Tartaros or Gehenna.

1.Hades is used 10 times :-

{ Matthew 11:23 } And thou, Capernaum, which art exalted unto heaven, shalt be brought down to Hades: for if the mighty works, which have been done in thee, had been done in Sodom, it would have remained until this day.

{ Matthew 16:18 } And I say also unto thee, That thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church; and the gates of Hades shall not prevail against it.

{ Luke 10:15 } And thou, Capernaum, which art exalted to heaven, shalt be thrust down to Hades.

{ Luke 16:23 } And in Hades he lift up his eyes, being in torments, and seeth Abraham afar off, and Lazarus in his bosom.

{ Acts 2:27 } Because thou wilt not leave my soul in Hades, neither wilt thou suffer thine Holy One to see corruption.

{ Acts 2:31 } He seeing this before spake of the resurrection of Christ, that his soul was not left in Hades, neither his flesh did see corruption.

{ Revelation 1:18 } I am he that liveth, and was dead; and behold, I am alive for evermore, Amen; and have the keys of Hades and of death.

{ Revelation 6:8 } And I looked, and behold a pale horse : and his name that sat on him was Death, and Hades followed with him. And power was given unto them over the fourth part of the earth, to kill with sword, and with hunger, and with death, and with the beasts of the earth.

{ Revelation 20:13 } And the sea gave up the dead which were in it; and death and Hades delivered up the dead which were in them : and they were judged every man according to their works.

{ Revelation 20:14 } And death and Hades were cast into the lake of fire. This is the second death.

2. Gehenna is used 12 times :-

{ Matt 5:22 } But I say unto you, That whosoever is angry with his brother without a cause shall be in danger of the judgment: and whosoever shall say to his brother, Raca, shall be in danger of the council: but whosoever shall say, Thou fool, shall be in danger of Gehenna fire.

{ Matt 5:29 } And if thy right eye offend thee, pluck it out, and cast it from thee: for it is profitable for thee that one of thy members should perish, and not that thy whole body should be cast into Gehenna.

{ Matt 5:30 } And if thy right hand offend thee, cut it off, and cast it from thee: for it is profitable for thee that one of thy members should perish, and not that thy whole body should be cast into Gehenna.

{ Matt 10:28 } And fear not them which kill the body, but are not able to kill the soul: but rather fear him which is able to destroy both soul and body in Gehenna.

{ Matt 18:9 } And if thine eye offend thee, pluck it out, and cast it from thee: it is better for thee to enter into life with one eye, rather than having two eyes to be cast into Gehenna fire.

{ Matt 23:15 } Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for ye compass sea and land to make one proselyte, and when he is made, ye make him twofold more the child of Gehenna than yourselves.

{ Matt 23:33 } Ye serpents, ye generation of vipers, how can ye escape the damnation of Gehenna?

{ Mark 9:43 } And if thy hand offend thee, cut it off: it is better for thee to enter into life maimed, than having two hands to go into Gehenna, into the fire that never shall be quenched:

{ Mark 9:45 } And if thy foot offend thee, cut it off: it is better for thee to enter halt into life, than having two feet to be cast into Gehenna, into the fire that never shall be quenched:

{ Mark 9:47 } And if thine eye offend thee, pluck it out: it is better for thee to enter into the kingdom of God with one eye, than having two eyes to be cast into Gehenna fire:

{ Luke 12:5 } But I will forewarn you whom ye shall fear: Fear him, which after he hath killed hath power to cast into Gehenna; yea, I say unto you, Fear him.

{ James 3:6 } And the tongue is a fire, a world of iniquity: so is the tongue among our members, that it defileth the whole body, and setteth on fire the course of nature; and it is set on fire of Gehenna.

3. Tartaros is used once by Peter :-

{ 2 Pet 2:4 } For if God spared not the angels that sinned, but cast them down to Tartaros, and delivered them into chains of darkness, to be reserved unto judgment.

Jesus holds the "keys of death and Hades" { Rev 1: 18 }..

The scripture clearly teaches us that flesh and blood cannot inherit the kingdom of God {1 Cor 15: 50 }.

The bible teaches us that there are two Kingdoms in the spirit realm { a Kingdom of Darkness and a Kingdom of Light }, one ruled by Satan and the other ruled by Jesus. { Matt 7: 13 - 14 } says that there is a narrow way that leads to the Kingdom of Heaven, and a broad way that lead to Hell.

In Job { Job 38 : 16 - 19, 24 } it talks about the "gates of death" and tells us that they are "deep darkness".... It then goes on to talk about the "dwelling of light", which we know to be the Kingdom of Heaven.... It is divided { darkness and light - Sheol and Heaven } & there is a narrow passage way between the two kingdoms, and few find it.

The bible also teaches that in the final judgment Death, Hades { Hell }, Satan, Anti-Christ, and all those sinners whose names are not written in the Book of Life shall be cast into the Lake of Fire... the second death, while the believers have passed over the Judgment by the Blood of Jesus, who is our Passover Lamb. The Angel of Death has no power over us any more because our lives are covered by the Blood of Jesus, "the Lamb of God", slain from the foundation of the world. { John 1 : 29 } { 1 Peter 1 : 19 } { 1 Cor 5: 7 }

It appears that Gehenna is the " lake of fire " { Rev 20: 14 } for when ever Jesus mentions fire in the NT it was associated with the Greek word Gehenna. This word is derived from the geographical site known as the Valley of Hinnom that surrounds the Old City of Jerusalem. It was the valley that the children of Israel sacrificed their children by fire to the false god Moloch { 2 Chron 28:3; 33:6; Jer 7: 31 ; 19: 2- 6 }. It was also the same valley that in { Isaiah 30: 30 - 33 } that the Assyrian army is destroyed. It says that God will make it deep & large, A pyre of fire with plenty of wood; The breath of the Lord, like a torrent of brimstone, sets it on fire. It is a place where the rubbish was burnt and the fires were never quenched. The same place where Judas hung himself after betraying Jesus.

In summary it appears that Hades/Hell is a place where unrepentant souls are held in a tempory state { darkness } until the day of judgement. Then when the Lord Jesus returns { Rev 20 : 11 - 12 } He throws death & Hades into the lake of fire / Gehenna. Most then believe that the sinners will be tormented day & night for eternity. Others believe that satan , beast, false prophet will be tormented day & night for ever { Rev 20: 10 } but when unrepentant mankind is thrown into the lake of fire it will be a second death { Rev 20 : 14 }. Death in the Greek means a complete destruction / literal death { non existence } they base this upon { Mark 10: 28 } where Jesus warns them not to fear him who can destroy the body but him who can destroy the soul & body in Gehenna/ lake of fire & brimstone. What ever is the truth you don't want to be thrown into the lake of fire to be tormented for ever or to be completely destroyed.

Note: { Rev 14: 9 - 11 } Those who recieve the mark of the beast shall be tormented day & night forever with fire & brimstone & the smoke of their torment shall go up for ever & ever.  So we have clear evidence that a token of mankind will suffer the same fate as Satan & his demons - Eternal Torment. But this only happens in the last days just before the return of Christ.

But Thank God mankind can repent of your sins before he dies and be born again { John 3 : 3 } { 1 Peter 1 : 2 - 4 } Jesus wishes that not perish but all are saved { 2 Peter 3: 9 } and that if you confess your sins to Him He will cleanse you of all your sins { 1 John 1 : 7 - 9 } and give you the gift of eternal life { Romans 6 : 23 }. You can have an assurance that he who has the Son of God has life & life eternal { 1 John 5 : 10 - 14 } Call on the precious name of Jesus and be saved. He Love you.

Ian does some Teaching on Hell { 2012 } 


Can you repent in that darkness {Hades}?

No, the Lord taught that "it is appointed for man to die and then comes judgment" { Heb 9 : 27 }. You must be born again before you die. When we give our lives to Jesus we pass out of Judgment into Eternal Life { Roman 6 : 23 }.

Can other people repent for you and pray you out of Hell?

No, the bible clearly teaches that when a person dies comes judgment { Ecc 12 : 7, Heb 9 : 27 } and so you cannot repent for them or pray them out of Hell { Psalm 106 : 28 }. Don't make sacrifices to the dead. Psalm 115: 17 says "the dead do not praise the Lord, nor do those who go down into silence." Luke 20 : 38 tells us that "God is the God of the living not the dead … as they have already been judged at death." Jesus told people while they were alive they had a choice to receive him as Lord of their lives as all the judgment had been given to him by the Heavenly Father { John 5 : 20 – 24 & John 8 : 51 } and every one who keeps Jesus' words shall never taste death. In John 11 : 25 – 26 Jesus said "I am the resurrection & the life, he who believe in Me shall live even if he dies physically, and he who loves and believes in me shall never die." Jesus also taught not to fear the physical death, as every one will die, but the fear the 2nd death { Matt 10 : 28 }. But the sinners have a father called Satan { John 8 : 44 & Rev 12 : 9 } – and his judgement, along with those who follow him, is the Lake of Fire { Rev 20 : 14 – 15 & Rev 21 : 8 } – which is the 2nd death.

The bible also teaches us not to try and contact the dead { Deut 18 : 10 – 13 } "let no one make his son or daughter to pass through the fire, use divination, practice witchcraft, interpret omens, a sorcerer, cast a spell, a medium, a spiritist, or one who calls up the dead { séance }." In 1 Sam 28 : 7 – 19 King Saul seeks out a medium and the Lord takes his kingdom from him because of this act.

In Acts 16 : 16 – 18 Paul casts out a spirit of divination from a young slave girl who is making a lot of money for her masters by fortune-telling.

What about reincarnation?

The bible teaches that there is no reincarnation, but that when you die you are judged and either go into the presence of the Lord Jesus Christ or into Hades { outer darkness } until the day of judgment { REV 20: 14 }. Reincarnation teaches that after you die you have a re-birth experience, but Jesus taught you must be born again before you die. Reincarnation teaches a cycle of death, rebirth, death, and rebirth. And they teach that when you die if you have bad Karma you will then find your spirit judged and return back potentially to earth as another person/animal & yet stay the same soul. If you have been a good person then your Karma may enable you come back to earth to be a wealthy person born into the higher caste in society. They also teach that you may advance so much in your Karma cycle that you become an enlightened one and enter what is called Nirvana and loose your personal identity and become one with the cosmos.

In my own personal experience under the false teachings of reincarnation I had enough bad Karma to have come back as a flea. But I actually came back into my own body, which is the same experience as thousands of other people who have had a Life after Death Experience. So this is not reincarnation, as when we did die the same soul/person came back into the same body. This is called Resurrection Power, which is what Jesus taught, that he had power of death and could and did raise many people from the dead. { John 11 : 25 – 26, Heb 11: 35, Mark 5 : 35 – 43, Luke 7 : 12 – 16 }. John 11 : 1 – 45 relates the story of Lazarus who had been dead for 4 days.

Life after death is a common theme throughout the bible and it is to do with the grace of God through the sacrifice of Jesus that has changed the realms of the spirit, that through the Blood of Jesus' sacrifice we have forgiveness of sins and eternal life { Phil 2 : 5 – 12, Col 1 : 13 – 23 } God so loved this world that he gave us his son Jesus to save it { John 3 : 16 }.

Jesus actually taught that he was the true enlightenment { John 1 : 1 – 9 }; that he was the true light of the world and that if we follow Him we will not walk in darkness, but have the light of life { John 8 : 12 }.

What was that tunnel that you went down?

In Matt 7 : 13 – 15 Jesus clearly taught us that narrow is the way that leads to the kingdom of heaven and life, but broad and wide is the way that leads to destruction and many enter by it. And that we must be careful of false prophets.

Isaiah said in the Old Testament that this way was a highway of Holiness { Isaiah 35 : 8 }.

Jesus also said { in John 14 : 6 } that he was the WAY, and the TRUTH & the LIFE and that no one comes to the Father but through Him.

The tunnel was a narrow passage way in the spiritual realm between darkness and light { between the Kingdom of Hades and the Kingdom of Heaven } { Acts 26 : 18 }

In the tunnel of Light you experienced Comfort, Peace and Joy and saw a transparent arm of light, what has happening here?

The scriptures in Gal 5 : 22 tell us that the fruit of the Holy Spirit is Love, Peace, Joy and Comfort. So what I was experiencing was the fruit of the Holy Spirit. The bible teaches us to test the spirits { 1 John 4 : 1 – 6 } for there are many spirits but we are not to believe every spirit, only the Holy Spirit. There are many false prophets by we will know them to be false if they do not confess Jesus Christ as Lord. So there are drunken spirits, lying spirits, adulterous spirits, deceiving spirits, unclean spirits, blinding spirits, demonic spirits but only one Spirit who is Holy – the 3rd person of the Trinity who rose Jesus from the dead and will teach us the ways of Jesus { John 16 : 7 – 16, John 14 : 26, Acts 1 : 4 – 8, 1 Cor 2: 10 – 16, 1 Cor 12 : 1 – 13 }

In the tunnel I also saw my spiritual body. In 1 Cor 15 : 39 – 50 Paul writes about the difference between the natural and spiritual bodies - the natural man, which when it dies is sown back into the earth, and the spirit of the man which is raised in a heavenly, spiritual form. Flesh & blood do not inherit the kingdom of God but the immortal spirit of a man can. I could see through my spiritual body which was now full of light. We will be children of light { 1 Thess 5 : 5 }, God is the Father of Light { James 1 : 17 }. God is light and in Him there is no darkness at all { 1 John 1 : 5 }.

What was the light?

The light I stood in front of once I had left the tunnel of light was the Glory of God. The whole earth will be full of the Glory of the Lord as the waters cover the earth { Hab 2 : 14 }. The Holy Spirit glorifies the Son of God and this is what I saw. Jesus is the King of Kings and is surrounded by an unapproachable light, the Holy Spirit { 1 Tim 6 : 15 – 16 }. Jesus is glorified { Acts 3 : 13 – 16 }. And I was at this point standing in what is known as the outer courts { Heb 9 }. But I now had access into the Holy Of Holies through the blood of Jesus into the Holy place { Heb 10: 19 – 22 } within the veil. I could now come to the throne of grace and look upon the Lord & find help in my time of need { Heb 4 : 14 – 16 }.

Who was that Being of Light?

The being of light was Jesus in His resurrected, Glorified Form. In the midst of the lamp- stands stood the Son of God, he had white robes reaching his feet, his head and hair were white like snow and his face shone like the sun in full strength, and he held the keys of Death and Hades { hell }. And he said do not be afraid, I was dead { on the cross } but I am alive forever more. I am the first and the last, the Alpha and Omega. { Rev 1 : 13 – 18 } He is the Glorified Son of Almighty God, the Messiah.

From Jesus' face came light { 2 Cor 4: 6 }. When we have seen Jesus' face we have seen the glory of God revealed in the face of Jesus. From his face I felt purity and Holiness { Jesus is the Holy one of God }. "Holy, Holy Holy" is what the prophet heard the angels calling out about Jesus { Isaiah 6: 1 – 8 }. Light was coming from Jesus' hands { Hab 3: 3 – 4 }. Jesus is God in human form { Phil 2 : 5 – 11 }, Jesus made the heavens and earth and existed as God in the beginning { Col 1: 13 – 20 }, Jesus is the exact representation of the Glory of the heavenly Father { Heb 1 : 1 – 8 }, Jesus is the word of God made flesh, he is God in the beginning { John 1 : 1, 14 }, when you have seen Jesus you have seen the Father God, Jesus and the Father are one { John 14: 8 – 14, John 17 : 20 – 23 }. The light that surrounds Jesus is so bright you will not need the light of the sun, the moon or the stars because the radiance will be so bright. { Rev 21: 22 – 23, Rev 22: 5 }.

You saw an opening into Eternity and saw a new planet what was that?

The opening was the doorway into Heaven. In { John 10: 1 - 9 } Jesus said "I am the door. And I call my sheep by name". God either knows your name or he doesn't. It is not good enough just to know about Jesus, but you need to know him personally. To know him as your personal savior is Eternal Life { 1 John 5 : 11 – 12 }.

And when you enter through Jesus you will be saved. There is light at the end of the tunnel – Jesus is that light and he is the door into Eternity. Jesus said there was no other way in but through him { John 14 : 6 }. And that there was no other name given by which can you be saved but through his name { Acts 4: 8 – 13 }. This is the stone that the builders have rejected, but has become the chief corner stone. He is the rock of our salvation. Jesus is the name above all names { Phil 2 : 9 – 11 }.

The door that opened revealed to me a New Heaven and a New Earth { 2 Peter 3 : 10 – 18 }. Peter tells us that God has created a new heaven and a new earth for those who love God and that this old earth and old heaven will pass away with fire. Jesus said I go and prepare a place for you { John 14 : 1 – 3 } and where I am so you shall be. That absent for the body is to be present with the Lord { 2 Cor 5 : 6 – 8 } we don't lie in the grave waiting to be brought up into heaven. When the thief repented on the cross Jesus said to him today you will be with me in Paradise { Luke 23 : 39 – 43 }. A death bed prayer can save one's soul but don't leave it till you are nearly dead to repent. Repent now for the Kingdom of God is at hand { 2 Cor 6 : 2 }. Surrender your life to Jesus the Son of Almighty God. The Lamb of God who takes away the sins of the World, let him take away your sins.

The new earth had a river flowing through it { Rev 22: 1 – 2; Rev 22 : 17 } and I saw a new earth { Rev 21 : 1 – 7 } and there was no more sickness, no more death, all things were made new. And I saw a new Heaven above the new earth with a new heavenly city. Awesome.

I also saw my mother & family & thousands of people and the Lord said I want you to return and tell these people what you have seen. That he loved them all and wished that none would perish but all would repent & have Eternal Life.

Jesus spoke to me and I was instantly placed back in my body {I had been pronounced clinically dead for some 15 minutes } God then healed me physically and I walked out of the hospital the next day. Jesus told me I was a re-born Christian and that I should read the bible which I did in the next 6 weeks.

I began to see in the spirit realm and saw Angels and Heaven on a number of occasions{ 2 Cor 12 : 2 – 4 }. I saw animals, people and awesome sights of the heavenly kingdom.

I also began to see that the whole world lay in the power of Evil. And that the darkness on this world was represented by the powers of Satan { 1 John 5 : 18 – 19 } and that 1/3 of the angels had fallen which are now called Demon's { Rev 12 : 1 – 7 } but we were not to fight them in the physical realm but in the spiritual realm { Eph 6 : 10 – 18 }. That our weapons were heavenly, not carnal { 2 Cor 10 : 3 – 6 }, and that we were to put on Jesus as our full Armor of Light on a daily basis { Romans 13 : 12 – 14 }. And that Jesus had won the battle and rendered Satan powerless on the Cross { Hebrews 2 : 14 – 15 }. But we were to fight the good fight of Faith and be anointed with the Holy Spirit and Power and go around setting people free from Satan { Acts 10: 38 }. And we were to preach the gospel { Romans 10: 14 – 17 } because how will they hear about Jesus unless someone tells them.

We are his witnesses on the earth. Arise Shine for your light has come and the Glory of the Lord has risen upon you. Behold great darkness will cover the earth and its people but you are to arise and shine and we will have the Lord for an everlasting light { Isaiah 60 : 1- 5, 19 – 20 }.


" Light " in the Bible:

Genesis 1:3 } Then God said, “Let there be light”; and there was light.

Genesis 1:4 } God saw that the light was good; and God separated the light from the darkness.

Exodus 13:21 } The Lord was going before them in a pillar of cloud by day to lead them on the way, and in a pillar of fire by night to give them light, that they might travel by day and by night.

Exodus 25:37 } Then you shall make its lamps seven in number; and they shall mount its lamps so as to shedlight on the space in front of it.

Exodus 27:20 } “You shall charge the sons of Israel, that they bring you clear oil of beaten olives for the light,to make a lamp burn continually.

{ Deuteronomy 33:1-3 } Now this is the blessing with which Moses the man of God blessed the sons of Israel before his death. He said, “The Lord came from Sinai,
And dawned on them from Seir;
He shone forth from Mount Paran,
And He came from the midst of ten thousand holy ones;
At His right hand there was flashing lightning for them. “Indeed, He loves the people;
All Your holy ones are in Your hand,
And they followed in Your steps;
Everyone receives of Your words.

Job 3:23 } “Why is light given to a man whose way is hidden, And whom God has hedged in?

Job 12:22 } “He reveals mysteries from the darkness And brings the deep darkness into light.

Job 22:28 } “You will also decree a thing, and it will be established for you; And light will shine on your ways.

Job 24:13 } “Others have been with those who rebel against the light; They do not want to know its ways Nor abide in its paths.

Job 26:10 } “He has inscribed a circle on the surface of the waters At the boundary of light and darkness.

Job 29:3 }When His lamp shone over my head, And by His light I walked through darkness;

{ Job 33:27-29 } “He will sing to men and say,
‘I have sinned and perverted what is right,
And it is not proper for me. ‘He has redeemed my soul from going to the pit,
And my life shall see the light.’

 “Behold, God does all these oftentimes with men,

Job 36:32 } “He covers His hands with the lightning, And commands it to strike the mark.

Job 38:19 } “Where is the way to the dwelling of light? And darkness, where is its place,

Job 38:24 } “Where is the way that the light is divided, Or the east wind scattered on the earth?

{ Job 41:17-19 } “They are joined one to another;
They clasp each other and cannot be separated. “His sneezes flash forth light, 
And his eyes are like the eyelids of the morning.

 “Out of his mouth go burning torches;
Sparks of fire leap forth.

Psalm 4:6 }Many are saying, “Who will show us any good?” Lift up the light of Your countenance upon us, O Lord!

Psalm 18:28 } For You light my lamp; The Lord my God illumines my darkness.

Psalm 27:1 } The Lord is my light and my salvation; Whom shall I fear? The Lord is the defense of my life; Whom shall I dread?

Psalm 36:9 } For with You is the fountain of life; In Your light we see light.

Psalm 37:6 } He will bring forth your righteousness as the light And your judgment as the noonday.

Psalm 38:10 } My heart throbs, my strength fails me; And the light of my eyes, even that has gone from me.

Psalm 43:3 } O send out Your light and Your truth, let them lead me; Let them bring me to Your holy hill And to Your dwelling places.

Psalm 44:3 } For by their own sword they did not possess the land, And their own arm did not save them, But Your right hand and Your arm and the light of Your presence, For You favored them.

{Psalm 49:18-20 }  Though while he lives he congratulates himself.
And though men praise you when you do well for yourself, He shall go to the generation of his fathers;
They will never see the light. Man in his pomp, yet without understanding,
Is like the beasts that perish.

Psalm 56:13 } For You have delivered my soul from death, Indeed my feet from stumbling, So that I may walk before God In the light of the living.

{ Psalm 74:15-17 } You broke open springs and torrents;
You dried up ever-flowing streams. Yours is the day, Yours also is the night;
You have prepared the light and the sun. You have established all the boundaries of the earth;
You have made summer and winter.

Psalm 78:14 } Then He led them with the cloud by day And all the night with a light of fire.

Psalm 89:15 } How blessed are the people who know the joyful sound! O Lord, they walk in the light of Your countenance.

Psalm 90:8 }You have placed our iniquities before You, Our secret sins in the light of Your presence.

Psalm 97:11 } Light is sown like seed for the righteous And gladness for the upright in heart.

{ Psalm 104:1-3 } Bless the Lord, O my soul!
O Lord my God, You are very great;
You are clothed with splendor and majesty, Covering Yourself with light as with a cloak,
Stretching out heaven like a tent curtain. He lays the beams of His upper chambers in the waters;
He makes the clouds His chariot;
He walks upon the wings of the wind;

Psalm 119:105 }  Your word is a lamp to my feet And a light to my path.

Psalm 119:130 } The unfolding of Your words gives light; It gives understanding to the simple.

{ Psalm 139:10-12 }  Even there Your hand will lead me,
And Your right hand will lay hold of me. If I say, “Surely the darkness will overwhelm me,
And the light around me will be night,” Even the darkness is not dark to You,
And the night is as bright as the day.
Darkness and light are alike to You.

{ Proverbs 4:17-19 } they eat the bread of wickedness
And drink the wine of violence. But the path of the righteous is like the light of dawn,
That shines brighter and brighter until the full day. The way of the wicked is like darkness;
They do not know over what they stumble.

Proverbs 6:23 } For the commandment is a lamp and the teaching is light; And reproofs for discipline are the way of life

Proverbs 13:9 } The light of the righteous rejoices, But the lamp of the wicked goes out.

Proverbs 16:15 } In the light of a king’s face is life, And his favor is like a cloud with the spring rain.

Proverbs 29:13 } The poor man and the oppressor have this in common: The Lord gives light to the eyes of both.

Ecclesiastes 2:13 } And I saw that wisdom excels folly as light excels darkness.

{ Ecclesiastes 12:1-3 } Remember also your Creator in the days of your youth, before the evil days come and the years draw near when you will say, “I have no delight in them”; before the sun and the light, the moon and the stars are darkened, and clouds return after the rain; in the day that the watchmen of the house tremble, and mighty men stoop, the grinding ones stand idle because they are few, and those who look through windows grow dim;

Isaiah 5:20 } Woe to those who call evil good, and good evil; Who substitute darkness for light and light for darkness; Who substitute bitter for sweet and sweet for bitter!

Isaiah 9:2 } The people who walk in darkness Will see a great light; Those who live in a dark land, The lightwill shine on them.

Isaiah 10:17 } And the light of Israel will become a fire and his Holy One a flame, And it will burn and devour his thorns and his briars in a single day.

{ Isaiah 13:9-11 } Behold, the day of the Lord is coming,
Cruel, with fury and burning anger,
To make the land a desolation;
And He will exterminate its sinners from it. For the stars of heaven and their constellations
Will not flash forth their light;
The sun will be dark when it rises
And the moon will not shed its light. Thus I will punish the world for its evil
And the wicked for their iniquity;
I will also put an end to the arrogance of the proud
And abase the haughtiness of the ruthless.

{ Isaiah 30:25-27 } On every lofty mountain and on every high hill there will be streams running with water on the day of the great slaughter, when the towers fall. The light of the moon will be as the light of the sun, and thelight of the sun will be seven times brighter, like the light of seven days, on the day the Lord binds up the fracture of His people and heals the bruise He has inflicted. Behold, the name of the Lord comes from a remote place;
Burning is His anger and dense is His smoke;
 His lips are filled with indignation. 
And His tongue is like a consuming fire;

{ Isaiah 42:5-7 } Thus says God the Lord, Who created the heavens and stretched them out,
Who spread out the earth and its offspring,
Who gives breath to the people on it
And spirit to those who walk in it, “I am the Lord, I have called You in righteousness,
I will also hold You by the hand and watch over You,
And I will appoint You as a covenant to the people,
As a light to the nations, To open blind eyes,
To bring out prisoners from the dungeon
And those who dwell in darkness from the prison

Isaiah 45:7 } The One forming light and creating darkness, Causing well-being and creating calamity; I am the Lord who does all these.

Isaiah 49:6 } He says, “It is too small a thing that You should be My Servant To raise up the tribes of Jacob and to restore the preserved ones of Israel; I will also make You a light of the nations So that My salvation may reach to the end of the earth.”

Isaiah 50:10 } Who is among you that fears the Lord, That obeys the voice of His servant, That walks in darkness and has no light? Let him trust in the name of the Lord and rely on his God.

{ Isaiah 51:4-5 } “Pay attention to Me, O My people,
And give ear to Me, O My nation;
For a law will go forth from Me,
And I will set My justice for a light of the peoples. “My righteousness is near, My salvation has gone forth,
And My arms will judge the peoples;
The coastlands will wait for Me,
 And for My arm they will wait expectantly.

{ Isaiah 58:7-9 }  “Is it not to divide your bread with the hungry
And bring the homeless poor into the house;
When you see the naked, to cover him;
 And not to hide yourself from your own flesh? “Then your light will break out like the dawn,
And your recovery will speedily spring forth;
And your righteousness will go before you;
The glory of the Lord will be your rear guard. “Then you will call, and the Lord will answer;
You will cry, and He will say, ‘Here I am.’
If you remove the yoke from your midst,
 The pointing of the finger and speaking wickedness,

{ Isaiah 58:10-11 } And if you give yourself to the hungry
 And satisfy the desire of the afflicted,
 Then your lightwill rise in darkness
 And your gloom will become like midday. “And the Lord will continually guide you,
 And satisfy your desire in scorched places,
And give strength to your bones;
And you will be like a watered garden,
 And like a spring of water whose waters do not fail.

 {Isaiah 60:1-3 } “Arise, shine; for your light has come,
 And the glory of the Lord has risen upon you. “For behold, darkness will cover the earth
 And deep darkness the peoples;
 But the Lord will rise upon you
And His glory will appear upon you. “Nations will come to your light,
And kings to the brightness of your rising.

{ Isaiah 60:19-21 } “No longer will you have the sun for light by day,
Nor for brightness will the moon give youlight;
But you will have the Lord for an everlasting light,
 And your God for your glory. “Your sun will no longer set,
Nor will your moon wane;
 For you will have the Lord for an everlasting light,
 And the days of your mourning will be over. “Then all your people will be righteous;
 They will possess the land forever,
 The branch of My planting, 
The work of My hands,
That I may be glorified.

{ Jeremiah 4:23-24 } I looked on the earth, and behold, it was formless and void;
And to the heavens, and they had no light. I looked on the mountains, and behold, they were quaking,
And all the hills moved to and fro.

Ezekiel 1:4 } As I looked, behold, a storm wind was coming from the north, a great cloud with fire flashing forth continually and a bright light around it, and in its midst something like glowing metal in the midst of the fire.

Ezekiel 1:13 } In the midst of the living beings there was something that looked like burning coals of fire, like torches darting back and forth among the living beings. The fire was bright, and lightning was flashing from the fire.

{ Ezekiel 1: 26 – 28 } Now above the expanse that was over their heads there was something resembling a throne, like lapis lazuli in appearance; and on that which resembled a throne, high up, was a figure with the appearance of a man. Then I noticed from the appearance of His loins and upward something like glowing metal that looked like fire all around within it, and from the appearance of His loins and downward I saw something like fire; and there was a radiance around Him. As the appearance of the rainbow in the clouds on a rainy day, sowas the appearance of the surrounding radiance. Such was the appearance of the likeness of the glory of the Lord. And when I saw it, I fell on my face and heard a voice speaking.

{ Ezekiel 32:7-8 } “And when I extinguish you,
I will cover the heavens and darken their stars;
I will cover the sun with a cloud
And the moon will not give its light. “All the shining lights in the heavens
I will darken over you
And will set darkness on your land,”
Declares the Lord God.

{ Daniel 2:21-22 } “It is He who changes the times and the epochs;
He removes kings and establishes kings;
He gives wisdom to wise men
And knowledge to men of understanding. “It is He who reveals the profound and hidden things;
He knows what is in the darkness,
And the light dwells with Him.

Amos 5:18 } Alas, you who are longing for the day of the Lord, For what purpose will the day of the Lord be to you? It will be darkness and not light;

{ Micah 7:6-8 } For son treats father contemptuously, 
Daughter rises up against her mother,
 Daughter-in-law against her mother-in-law;
 A man’s enemies are the men of his own household. But as for me, I will watch expectantly for the Lord; 
I will wait for the God of my salvation.
 My God will hear me.

Do not rejoice over me, O my enemy.
Though I fall I will rise;
Though I dwell in darkness, the Lord is a light for me.

Micah 7:9 } I will bear the indignation of the Lord Because I have sinned against Him, Until He pleads my case and executes justice for me. He will bring me out to the lightAnd I will see His righteousness.

Habakkuk 3:11 } Sun and moon stood in their places; They went away at the light of Your arrows, At the radiance of Your gleaming spear.

{ Zechariah 14:5-7 } You will flee by the valley of My mountains, for the valley of the mountains will reach to Azel; yes, you will flee just as you fled before the earthquake in the days of Uzziah king of Judah. Then the Lord, my God, will come, and all the holy ones with Him!  In that day there will be no light; the luminaries will dwindle. For it will be a unique day which is known to the Lord, neither day nor night, but it will come about that at evening time there will be light.

Matthew 5:14 } “You are the light of the world. A city set on a hill cannot be hidden;

Matthew 5:16 } Let your light shine before men in such a way that they may see your good works, and glorify your Father who is in heaven.

{ Matthew 6:21-23 } “The eye is the lamp of the body; so then if your eye is clear, your whole body will be full oflight. But if your eye is bad, your whole body will be full of darkness. If then the light that is in you is darkness, how great is the darkness!

Matthew 17:2 } And He was transfigured before them; and His face shone like the sun, and His garments became as white as light.

{ Matthew 24:29-30 } “But immediately after the tribulation of those days the sun will be darkened, and the moon will not give its light, and the stars will fall from the sky, and the powers of the heavens will be shaken. And then the sign of the Son of Man will appear in the sky, and then all the tribes of the earth will mourn, and they will see the Son of Man coming on the clouds of the sky with power and great glory.

Mark 4:22 } For nothing is hidden, except to be revealed; nor has anything been secret, but that it would come to light.

{ Luke 2 : 26 – 34 } When the parents brought in the child Jesus, to carry out for Him the custom of the Law, then he took Him into his arms, and blessed God, and said, “Now Lord, You are releasing Your bond-servant to depart in peace,
According to Your word; For my eyes have seen Your salvation, Which You have prepared in the presence of all peoples, A Light of revelation to the Gentiles,
And the glory of Your people Israel.” And His father and mother were amazed at the things which were being said about Him. And Simeon blessed them

 {Luke 11:35-36 } Then watch out that the light in you is not darkness. If therefore your whole body is full oflight, with no dark part in it, it will be wholly illumined, as when the lamp illumines you with its rays.”

{ John 1:3-4  } All things came into being through Him, and apart from Him nothing came into being that has come into being. In Him was life, and the life was the Light of men. The Light shines in the darkness, and the darkness did not comprehend it.

John 1:5 } The Light shines in the darkness, and the darkness did not comprehend it.

{ John 1:6-8 } There came a man sent from God, whose name was John. He came as a witness, to testify about the Light, so that all might believe through him. He was not the Light, but he came to testify about the Light.

{ John 1:9-10 } There was the true Light which, coming into the world, enlightens every man. He was in the world, and the world was made through Him, and the world did not know Him.

{ John 3:18-21 } He who believes in Him is not judged; he who does not believe has been judged already, because he has not believed in the name of the only begotten Son of God. This is the judgment, that the Lighthas come into the world, and men loved the darkness rather than the Light, for their deeds were evil. For everyone who does evil hates the Light, and does not come to the Light for fear that his deeds will be exposed.But he who practices the truth comes to the Light, so that his deeds may be manifested as having been wrought in God.”

John 8:12  } Then Jesus again spoke to them, saying, “I am the Light of the world; he who follows Me will not walk in the darkness, but will have the Light of life.”

John 9:5 } While I am in the world, I am the Light of the world.”

John 12:35 } So Jesus said to them, “For a little while longer the Light is among you. Walk while you have theLight, so that darkness will not overtake you; he who walks in the darkness does not know where he goes.

John 12:36 } While you have the Light, believe in the Light, so that you may become sons of Light.” These things Jesus spoke, and He went away and hid Himself from them.

{ Acts 9:1-4 } Now Saul, still breathing threats and murder against the disciples of the Lord, went to the high priest, and asked for letters from him to the synagogues at Damascus, so that if he found any belonging to the Way, both men and women, he might bring them bound to Jerusalem. As he was traveling, it happened that he was approaching Damascus, and suddenly a light from heaven flashed around him; and he fell to the ground and heard a voice saying to him, “Saul, Saul, why are you persecuting Me?”

{ Acts 22:8-10 } And I answered, ‘Who are You, Lord?’ And He said to me, ‘I am Jesus the Nazarene, whom you are persecuting.’ And those who were with me saw the light, to be sure, but did not understand the voice of the One who was speaking to me. And I said, ‘What shall I do, Lord?’ And the Lord said to me, ‘Get up and go on into Damascus, and there you will be told of all that has been appointed for you to do.’

{ Acts 26:12-14 } While so engaged as I was journeying to Damascus with the authority and commission of the chief priests, at midday, O King, I saw on the way a light from heaven, brighter than the sun, shining all around me and those who were journeying with me.  And when we had all fallen to the ground, I heard a voice saying to me in the Hebrew dialect, ‘Saul, Saul, why are you persecuting Me? It is hard for you to kick against the goads.’

{ Acts 26:17-19 } rescuing you from the Jewish people and from the Gentiles, to whom I am sending you, to open their eyes so that they may turn from darkness to light and from the dominion of Satan to God, that they may receive forgiveness of sins and an inheritance among those who have been sanctified by faith in Me.’ “So, King Agrippa, I did not prove disobedient to the heavenly vision,

 { Acts 26:22-23 } So, having obtained help from God, I stand to this day testifying both to small and great, stating nothing but what the Prophets and Moses said was going to take place; that the Christ was to suffer, andthat by reason of His resurrection from the dead He would be the first to proclaim light both to the Jewish people and to the Gentiles.”

Acts 12:7 } And behold, an angel of the Lord suddenly appeared and a light shone in the cell; and he struck Peter’s side and woke him up, saying, “Get up quickly.” And his chains fell off his hands.

{ Acts 13:46-48 } Paul and Barnabas spoke out boldly and said, “It was necessary that the word of God be spoken to you first; since you repudiate it and judge yourselves unworthy of eternal life, behold, we are turning to the Gentiles. For so the Lord has commanded us, ‘I have placed You as a light for the Gentiles,
That You may bring salvation to the end of the earth.’”  When the Gentiles heard this, they began rejoicing and glorifying the word of the Lord; and as many as had been appointed to eternal life believed.

Romans 13:12 } The night is almost gone, and the day is near. Therefore let us lay aside the deeds of darkness and put on the armor of light.

 { 1 Corinthians 4:5 } Therefore do not go on passing judgment before the time, but wait until the Lord comes who will both bring to light the things hidden in the darkness and disclose the motives of men’s hearts; and then each man’s praise will come to him from God.

{ 2 Corinthians 4:3-5 } And even if our gospel is veiled, it is veiled to those who are perishing, in whose case the god of this world has blinded the minds of the unbelieving so that they might not see the light of the gospel of the glory of Christ, who is the image of God. For we do not preach ourselves but Christ Jesus as Lord, and ourselves as your bond-servants for Jesus’ sake.

2 Corinthians 4:6 } For God, who said, “Light shall shine out of darkness,” is the One who has shone in our hearts to give the Light of the knowledge of the glory of God in the face of Christ.

{ 2 Corinthians 4:16-18 } Therefore we do not lose heart, but though our outer man is decaying, yet our inner man is being renewed day by day. For momentary, light affliction is producing for us an eternal weight of glory far beyond all comparison, while we look not at the things which are seen, but at the things which are not seen; for the things which are seen are temporal, but the things which are not seen are eternal.

2 Corinthians 6:14 } Do not be bound together with unbelievers; for what partnership have righteousness and lawlessness, or what fellowship has light with darkness?

{ 2 Corinthians 11:13-15 } For such men are false apostles, deceitful workers, disguising themselves as apostles of Christ. No wonder, for even Satan disguises himself as an angel of light. Therefore it is not surprising if his servants also disguise themselves as servants of righteousness, whose end will be according to their deeds.

{ Ephesians 3:8-10 }  To me, the very least of all saints, this grace was given, to preach to the Gentiles the unfathomable riches of Christ, and to bring to light what is the administration of the mystery which for ages has been hidden in God who created all things; so that the manifold wisdom of God might now be made known through the church to the rulers and the authorities in the heavenly places.

{ Ephesians 5:7-9 } Therefore do not be partakers with them; for you were formerly darkness, but now you areLight in the Lord; walk as children of Light (for the fruit of the Light consists in all goodness and righteousness and truth),

{ Ephesians 5:12-14 } for it is disgraceful even to speak of the things which are done by them in secret. But all things become visible when they are exposed by the light, for everything that becomes visible is light. For this reason it says, “Awake, sleeper,
And arise from the dead,
And Christ will shine on you.”

{ Philippians 2:14-16 } Do all things without grumbling or disputing; so that you will prove yourselves to be blameless and innocent, children of God above reproach in the midst of a crooked and perverse generation, among whom you appear as lights in the world, holding fast the word of life, so that in the day of Christ I will have reason to glory because I did not run in vain nor toil in vain.

{ Colossians 1:11-13 } strengthened with all power, according to His glorious might, for the attaining of all steadfastness and [c]patience; joyously giving thanks to the Father, who has qualified us to share in the inheritance of the saints in Light. For He rescued us from the domain of darkness, and transferred us to the kingdom of His beloved Son,

{ 1 Thessalonians 5:4-6 } But you, brethren, are not in darkness, that the day would overtake you like a thief; for you are all sons of light and sons of day. We are not of night nor of darkness; so then let us not sleep as others do, but let us be alert and sober.

{ 1 Timothy 6:15-17 } which He will bring about at the proper time—He who is the blessed and only Sovereign, the King of kings and Lord of lords, who alone possesses immortality and dwells in unapproachable light, whom no man has seen or can see. To Him be honor and eternal dominion! Amen.

{ 2 Timothy 1:9-11 } who has saved us and called us with a holy calling, not according to our works, but according to His own purpose and grace which was granted us in Christ Jesus from all eternity, but now has been revealed by the appearing of our Savior Christ Jesus, who abolished death and brought life and immortality to light through the gospel, for which I was appointed a preacher and an apostle and a teacher.

James 1:17 } Every good thing given and every perfect gift is from above, coming down from the Father of lights, with whom there is no variation or shifting shadow.

1 John 1:5 } This is the message we have heard from Him and announce to you, that God is Light, and in Him there is no darkness at all.

{ 1 John 1:6-8 } If we say that we have fellowship with Him and yet walk in the darkness, we lie and do not practice the truth; but if we walk in the Light as He Himself is in the Light, we have fellowship with one another, and the blood of Jesus His Son cleanses us from all sin. If we say that we have no sin, we are deceiving ourselves and the truth is not in us.

{ 1 John 2:7-9 } Beloved, I am not writing a new commandment to you, but an old commandment which you have had from the beginning; the old commandment is the word which you have heard. On the other hand, I am writing a new commandment to you, which is true in Him and in you, because the darkness is passing away and the true Light is already shining. The one who says he is in the Light and yet hates his brother is in the darkness until now.

{ Revelation 18:22-24 } And the sound of harpists and musicians and flute-players and trumpeters will not be heard in you any longer; and no craftsman of any craft will be found in you any longer; and the sound of a mill will not be heard in you any longer; and the light of a lamp will not shine in you any longer; and the voice of the bridegroom and bride will not be heard in you any longer; for your merchants were the great men of the earth, because all the nations were deceived by your sorcery. And in her was found the blood of prophets and of saints and of all who have been slain on the earth.”

{ Revelation 21:23-25 } And the city has no need of the sun or of the moon to shine on it, for the glory of God has illumined it, and its lamp is the Lamb. The nations will walk by its light, and the kings of the earth will bring their glory into it. In the daytime (for there will be no night there) its gates will never be closed;

{ Revelation 22:4-5 }  they will see His face, and His name will be on their foreheads. And there will no longer beany night; and they will not have need of the light of a lamp nor the light of the sun, because the Lord God will illumine them; and they will reign forever and ever.

 {Revelation 1:13-18 } and in the middle of the lampstands I saw one like a son of man, clothed in a robe reaching to the feet, and girded across His chest with a golden sash. His head and His hair were white like white wool, like snow; and His eyes were like a flame of fire. His feet were like burnished bronze, when it has been made to glow in a furnace, and His voice was like the sound of many waters. In His right hand He held seven stars, and out of His mouth came a sharp two-edged sword; and His face was like the sun shining in its strengthWhen I saw Him, I fell at His feet like a dead man. And He placed His right hand on me, saying, “Do not be afraid; I am the first and the last, and the living One; and I was dead, and behold, I am alive forevermore, and I have the keys of death and of Hades.


Darkness In the Bible:

Genesis 1:2 } The earth was formless and void, and darkness was over the surface of the deep, and the Spirit of God was moving over the surface of the waters.

1 Samuel 2:9 } “He keeps the feet of His godly ones, But the wicked ones are silenced in darkness; For not by might shall a man prevail.

{ Job 10:21-22 } Before I go—and I shall not return—
To the land of darkness and deep shadow, The land of utter gloom as darkness itself,
Of deep shadow without order,
And which shines as the darkness.”

Job 12:25 } “They grope in darkness with no light, And He makes them stagger like a drunken man.

Job 17:12 } “They make night into day, saying, ‘The light is near,’ in the presence of darkness.

Job 17:13 } “If I look for Sheol as my home, I make my bed in the darkness

Job 18:18 } “He is driven from light into darkness, And chased from the inhabited world.

Job 22:11 } Or darkness, so that you cannot see, And an abundance of water covers you.

Job 29:3 }When His lamp shone over my head, And by His light I walked through darkness;

Job 34:22 } “There is no darkness or deep shadow Where the workers of iniquity may hide themselves.

Job 38:17 } “Have the gates of death been revealed to you, Or have you seen the gates of deep darkness?

Job 38:19 } “Where is the way to the dwelling of light? And darkness, where is its place,

Psalm 88:18 } You have removed lover and friend far from me; My acquaintances are in darkness.

{ Psalm 107:10-11 } There were those who dwelt in darkness and in the shadow of death,
Prisoners in misery and chains, Because they had rebelled against the words of God
And spurned the counsel of the Most High.

{ Psalm 107:13-14 } Then they cried out to the Lord in their trouble;
He saved them out of their distresses. He brought them out of darkness and the shadow of death
And broke their bands apart.

Psalm 112:4 } Light arises in the darkness for the upright; He is gracious and compassionate and righteous.

{ Psalm 139:11-12 } If I say, “Surely the darkness will overwhelm me,
And the light around me will be night,”  Even the darkness is not dark to You,
And the night is as bright as the day.
Darkness and light are alike to You.

Proverbs 4:19 } The way of the wicked is like darkness; They do not know over what they stumble.

Isaiah 9:2 }   The people who walk in darkness Will see a great light; Those who live in a dark land, The light will shine on them.

Isaiah 42:7 } To open blind eyes, To bring out prisoners from the dungeon And those who dwell in darknessfrom the prison.

Isaiah 47:5 } “Sit silently, and go into darkness, O daughter of the Chaldeans, For you will no longer be called The queen of kingdoms.

Isaiah 60:2 } “For behold, darkness will cover the earth And deep darkness the peoples; But the Lord will rise upon you And His glory will appear upon you.

{ Joel 2:1-2 } Blow a trumpet in Zion,
And sound an alarm on My holy mountain!
Let all the inhabitants of the land tremble,
For the day of the Lord is coming;
Surely it is near, A day of darkness and gloom,
A day of clouds and thick darkness.
As the dawn is spread over the mountains,
So there is a great and mighty people;
There has never been anything like it,
Nor will there be again after it
To the years of many generations.

Joel 2:31 }  “The sun will be turned into darkness And the moon into blood Before the great and awesome day of the Lord comes.

Amos 5:18 }  Alas, you who are longing for the day of the Lord, For what purpose will the day of the Lord be to you? It will be darkness and not light;

Amos 5:20 }  Will not the day of the Lord be darkness instead of light, Even gloom with no brightness in it?

Micah 7:8 } Do not rejoice over me, O my enemy. Though I fall I will rise; Though I dwell in darkness, the Lord is a light for me.

{ Zephaniah 1:14-16 } Near is the great day of the Lord,
Near and coming very quickly;
Listen, the day of the Lord!
In it the warrior cries out bitterly. A day of wrath is that day,
A day of trouble and distress,
A day of destruction and desolation,
A day of darkness and gloom,
A day of clouds and thick darkness, A day of trumpet and battle cry
 Against the fortified cities
 And the high corner towers.

Matthew 4:16 } “The people who were sitting in darkness saw a great Light, And those who were sitting in the land and shadow of death, Upon them a Light dawned.”

Matthew 6:23 } But if your eye is bad, your whole body will be full of darkness. If then the light that is in you isdarkness, how great is the darkness!

Matthew 8:12 } but the sons of the kingdom will be cast out into the outer darkness; in that place there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth.”

Matthew 22:13 }Then the king said to the servants, ‘Bind him hand and foot, and throw him into the outerdarkness; in that place there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth.’

Mark 15:33 } When the sixth hour came, darkness fell over the whole land until the ninth hour.

Luke 22:53 } While I was with you daily in the temple, you did not lay hands on Me; but this hour and the power of darkness are yours.”

John 1:5 } The Light shines in the darkness, and the darkness did not comprehend it.

John 3:19 } This is the judgment, that the Light has come into the world, and men loved the darkness rather than the Light, for their deeds were evil.

John 8:12 } Then Jesus again spoke to them, saying, “I am the Light of the world; he who follows Me will not walk in the darkness, but will have the Light of life.”

John 12:35 } So Jesus said to them, “For a little while longer the Light is among you. Walk while you have the Light, so that darkness will not overtake you; he who walks in the darkness does not know where he goes.

John 12:46 } I have come as Light into the world, so that everyone who believes in Me will not remain indarkness.

Acts 2:20 } ‘The sun will be turned into darkness And the moon into blood, Before the great and glorious day of the Lord shall come.

{ Acts 26:17-18 } I am sending you, to open their eyes so that they may turn from darkness to light and from the dominion of Satan to God, that they may receive forgiveness of sins and an inheritance among those who have been sanctified by faith in Me.’

{ Romans 13:11-13 } Do this, knowing the time, that it is already the hour for you to awaken from sleep; for now salvation is nearer to us than when we believed. The night is almost gone, and the day is near. Therefore let us lay aside the deeds of darkness and put on the armor of light. Let us behave properly as in the day, not in carousing and drunkenness, not in sexual promiscuity and sensuality, not in strife and jealousy.

1 Corinthians 4:5 } Therefore do not go on passing judgment before the time, but wait until the Lord comes who will both bring to light the things hidden in the darkness and disclose the motives of men’s hearts; and then each man’s praise will come to him from God.

2 Corinthians 4:6 } For God, who said, “Light shall shine out of darkness,” is the One who has shone in our hearts to give the Light of the knowledge of the glory of God in the face of Christ.

Corinthians 6:14 } Do not be bound together with unbelievers; for what partnership have righteousness and lawlessness, or what fellowship has light with darkness?

Ephesians 5:8 } for you were formerly darkness, but now you are Light in the Lord; walk as children of Light

Ephesians 5:11 } Do not participate in the unfruitful deeds of darkness, but instead even expose them;

Ephesians 6:12 }For our struggle is not against flesh and blood, but against the rulers, against the powers, against the world forces of this darkness, against the spiritual forces of wickedness in the heavenly places.

Colossians 1:13 } For He rescued us from the domain of darkness, and transferred us to the kingdom of His beloved Son,

{ 1 Thessalonians 5:3-5 } While they are saying, “Peace and safety!” then destruction will come upon them suddenly like labor pains upon a woman with child, and they will not escape. But you, brethren, are not in darkness, that the day would overtake you like a thief; for you are all sons of light and sons of day. We are not of night nor of darkness

1 Peter 2:9 } But you are a chosen race, a royal priesthood, a holy nation, a people for God’s own possession, so that you may proclaim the excellencies of Him who has called you out of darkness into His marvelous light;

2 Peter 2:4 } For if God did not spare angels when they sinned, but cast them into hell and committed them to pits of darkness, reserved for judgment;

2 Peter 2:17 } These are springs without water and mists driven by a storm, for whom the black darkness has been reserved.

1 John 1:5 } This is the message we have heard from Him and announce to you, that God is Light, and in Him there is no darkness at all.

{ 1 John 2:8-9 } On the other hand, I am writing a new commandment to you, which is true in Him and in you, because the darkness is passing away and the true Light is already shining. The one who says he is in the Light and yet hates his brother is in the darkness until now.

Jude 1:6 } And angels who did not keep their own domain, but abandoned their proper abode, He has kept in eternal bonds under darkness for the judgment of the great day,

Jude 1:13 } wild waves of the sea, casting up their own shame like foam; wandering stars, for whom the blackdarkness has been reserved forever.

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